Many all over the globe are affected by and diagnosed with scoliosis. Often, at first, people with the condition do not realise they have it until much later on.
Let’s look into the details to learn more about it.
Scoliosis is an abnormal curvature in the backbone or spine that goes sideways. During diagnosis, doctors assess whether you possess the “s” or “c” shaped curve. If the angle of the curve measures more than 10 degrees when analysed through an x-ray, you’ll be diagnosed with the condition.
Although it is not every day that you hear about scoliosis in your community, the condition is much more common than you think and there are scoliosis warriors all around you, taking measures to manage their condition on their journey.
About 2-3 percent of the population and 6-9 million people are affected by the condition in the United States are affected by it and the numbers are only rising. Now imagine if we took into account, the numbers from countries all over the world! Crazy right?
Considering its prevalence, it’s very important to be aware of the condition to detect it as early on as possible!
And although scoliosis itself cannot be prevented, its progression can be slowed down!
Scoliosis that develops in children aged 4-9 is termed juvenile scoliosis.
Likewise, the diagnosis of abnormal spine curvature in infants that are born with it is referred to as infantile scoliosis.
And, those with the condition and aged 18+ would be given a diagnosis of adult scoliosis.
Symptoms may vary from person to person, depending on the degree of the condition. Here are some symptoms of scoliosis:
There are different types of scoliosis including:
Idiopathic scoliosis: accounts for most cases found in adolescents. The cause is unknown.
Congenital scoliosis: caused by defects at birth but is very rare.
Neuromuscular scoliosis: present when there are nerve abnormalities or complications that affects the spine muscles. It may develop in individuals with conditions like cerebral palsy or Marfan syndrome.
Degenerative scoliosis: caused by degeneration of the spine and most frequently found in adults aged 65+.
Upon diagnosis, doctors may categorise your scoliosis condition as either structural or non-structural type, depending on the cause.
Structural scoliosis is more serious as the outcome is permanent (the spine curvature does not straighten on its own) and may worsen with time if not treated well. The cause is normally a disease, injury or defects at birth. The types of scoliosis listed above fall under structural scoliosis.
On the other hand, non-structural scoliosis also known as functional scoliosis is temporary and the spine curvatures can be fixed. This category of scoliosis is not as common.
Some underlying causes of this temporary change can be postural factors (eg: muscle spasms and habits), compensatory factors (eg: differences in leg length or pelvic leveling) or transient factors that are associated with responses to disc herniation.
For example, in the case scenario where someone experiences an intense spasm in a muscle located at the back, the spine may get pulled sideways which can then lead to a curvature in the structure.
For those with this type of condition, the good news is that once the underlying cause is properly treated with precise movements and positions, scoliosis will go away as well.
Scoliosis is treated based on the patient’s age, the type of scoliosis, curvature size and progression risk.
If you suspect you have symptoms of scoliosis, please do not hesitate to go to a doctor as it can help prevent further progression and treat it more effectively.
And for those fighting scoliosis, you are all warriors going through a journey that simply makes you stronger. Keep following your doctor’s professional advice to treat it effectively and progressively.
https://www.healthline.com/health/scoliosis#types Everything you need to know about scoliosis
https://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/health/conditions-and-diseases/scoliosis/5-facts-about-scoliosis-every-parent-should-know 5 Facts about Scoliosis Every Parent Should Know
https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/190940#treatment Everything you need to know about scoliosis
https://www.scoliosis.org/info.php National Scoliosis Foundation
https://www.spine-health.com/conditions/scoliosis/types-scoliosis Types of Scoliosis
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