Do you struggle to doze off into slumberland? Or do you wake up in the middle of the night and lie awake for hours, trying to count the sheep to get back to sleep? If yes, you’re not alone. Insomnia is a very common problem that can spoil your mood, ability to function, and wreck your energy during the day. It may also have a major effect on the quality of life and mental health.
DECIPHERING MEDICAL JARGON Insomnia: A sleep disorder characterized by difficulty falling and/or staying asleep
What are the symptoms?
Types of Insomnia
Primary insomnia: Sleeplessness that is not attributable to a medical, psychiatric or environmental cause.
Secondary insomnia: Insomnia that occurs with other conditions or situations; like emotional stress, anxiety, depression, chronic pain, certain medications, or substance like alcohol or stimulants.
What are the causes of Insomnia?
Insomnia can be acute (short-term) or chronic (ongoing). The causes are as below:
Cognititve behavioural therapy: Aims to improve sleep habits and behaviors by addressing and changing the misconceptions, incorrect beliefs and attitude that affect the ability of a person to sleep well.
Several medications can help to relieve insomnia and re-establish a regular sleep schedule. Some are meant for short-term use, while others are meant for longer use.
However, remember to ask your doctor about the benefits and risks of insomnia medications as some may have some undesirable side effects.
By addressing the underlying causes and making simple changes to your sleeping habits, lifestyle and dietary modifications — you can put the frustration of insomnia to a stop and finally get a good night’s sleep.
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